Scaling of the Divertor Power Spreading (S-factor) in Open and Closed Divertor Operation in JET and ASDEX Upgrade
An experimental database of the power spreading into the target private flux region (S-factor) from ASDEX Upgrade and JET outer target data has been gathered and analysed. The power spreading, combined with the Scrape-Off Layer heat flux decay length lq, determines the power exhaust channel width at the divertor target. In terms of main plasma parameters, we find that the poloidal magnetic field plays a major role S~Bpol in both L-mode and H-mode plasmas, similarly to lq. Combining JET and AUG data in H-mode with open divertor we obtain a strong and beneficial major radius dependency and no plasma density influence is found. For closed AUG divII configurations in L-mode, however, larger upstream ne clearly broadens S. Interestingly, the scaling of S with divertor parameters, reveals that only target Te is needed to account for its variation. SOLPS simulations with fixed perpendicular transport reproduce most of the observed phenomenology, suggesting that the observed larger S in closed versus open divertor configuration is simply due to different target Te generated by larger parallel gradients.