Innovative Diagnostics for ITER Physics Addressed in JET
In the last years, JET diagnostic capability has been significantly improved to widen the range of physical phenomena that can be studied and to contribute to the understanding of some ITER relevant issues. The most significant results reported in this paper refer to the plasma wall interactions, the interplay between core and edge physics and the fast particles. A careful synergy between new infrared cameras, visible cameras and spectroscopy diagnostics has allowed investigating a series of new aspects of the plasma wall interactions. The power loads on the plasma facing components of JET main chambers have been assessed at steady state and during transient events like ELMs and disruptions. Evidence of filaments in the edge region of the plasma has been collected with a new fast visible cameras and the High Resolution Thomson scattering. The physics of detached plasmas and some new aspects of dust formation have also been devoted particular attention. The influence of the edge plasma on the core has been investigated with upgraded active spectroscopy, providing new information on momentum transport, the L-H transition physics and the effects of impurity injection on ELMs and ITBs. Given the fact that JET is the only machine with a plasma volume big enough to confine the alphas, a coherent programme of diagnostic developments for the energetic particles has been undertaken. With upgraded gamma-ray spectroscopy and a new scintillator probe, it is now possible to study both the redistribution and losses of the fats particles in various plasma conditions.