Contrasting H-mode Behaviour with Fuelling and Nitrogen Seeding in the All-Carbon and Metallic Versions of JET
An all-metal ITER-Like Wall (JET-ILW), consisting of beryllium in the main chamber and tungsten surfaces in the divertor, has now been installed in JET to pursue low retention of fuel species and to explore the impact on next-step-relevant plasmas. Its implementation has offered a unique opportunity to compare behaviour with that in the previous all-Carbon lining (JET-C), notably for high-triangularity Type I H-modes with impurity seeding. This technique is recognised to be necessary for power handling both in ITER and in JET at full performance. Contrasting results are reported for closely-matched deuterium-fuelling plus nitrogen-seeding scans in each JET environment. Attention is focused upon neutral-beam-heated plasmas with total input power 15­17MW at 2.65T, 2.5MA, q95 3.5 , average triangularity d 0.4 , elongation k 1.7 and gas inputs spanning ranges 0.75 FD 3.3 , 0 FD 4.7 (1022 electrons / s assuming full ionisation). JET-C cases also included 1­2MW of central ion-cyclotron-resonance-frequency heating, so far absent from JET-ILW pulses, with possible consequences for respective core sawtooth and impurity-concentration results.