A Protection System for the JET ITER-Like Wall Based on Imaging Diagnostics
The new JET ITER-like wall (made of beryllium and tungsten) is more fragile than the former Carbon Fiber Composite (CFC) wall and requires active protection to prevent excessive heat loads on the Plasma Facing Components (PFC). Analogue CCD cameras operating in the near infrared wavelength are used to measure surface temperature of the PFCs. Region Of Interest (ROI) analysis is performed in real time and the maximum temperature measured in each ROI is sent to the Vessel Thermal Map (VTM). The protection of the ITER-like wall system started in October 2011 and has already successfully led to a safe landing of the plasma when hot spots were observed on the Be main chamber PFCs. Divertor protection is more of a challenge due to dust deposits that often generate false hot spots. In this contribution we describe the camera, data capture and real time processing systems. We discuss the calibration strategy for the temperature measurements with cross validation with thermal IR cameras and bi-colour pyrometers. Most importantly, we demonstrate that a protection system based on CCD cameras can work and show examples of hot spot detections that stop the plasma pulse. The limits of such a design and the associated constraints on the operations are also presented.